7/1962

Yleissopimus ulkomaisten välitystuomioiden tunnustamisesta ja täytäntöönpanosta (New York)

Konvention om erkännande och verkställighet av utländska skiljedomar

Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards

Perustiedot

Sopimustyyppi:
II Monenväliset sopimukset
1. Kauppa ja talous
1.1. tulli ja kauppa
Allekirjoituspäivä:

10.06.1958 (New York)

Ratifiointipäivä:19.01.1962 R
Voimaantulopäivä:19.04.1962
Kansainvälinen voimaantulopäivä: 07.06.1959
Sopimukset: 7/1962 8/1962
Säädösviitteet: 200/1962 207/1962

Osapuolet

  • AFGANISTAN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 30.11.2004 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 28.02.2005
    Varauma:

    Declaration
    Afghanistan will apply the Convention only to: (i) recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another Contracting State; and (ii) differences arising out of legal relationships whether contractual or not which are considered as commercial under the national law of Afghanistan.

  • ALANKOMAAT
    Sitoutumispäivä: 24.04.1964 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Referring to paragraph 3 of article I of the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, the Government of the Kingdom declares that it will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State.


    Alueellinen soveltaminen: Sovelletaan my?s Alankomaiden Antilleihin ja Arubaan.

  • ALBANIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 27.06.2001 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 25.09.2001
  • ALGERIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 07.02.1989 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    Referring to the possibility offered by article I, paragraph 3, of the Convention, the People?s Democratic Republic of Algeria declares that it will apply the Convention, on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State and only where such awards have been made with respect to differences arising out of legal relationships whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under Algerian law.

  • ANGOLA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 06.03.2017 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 04.06.2017
  • ANTIGUA JA BARBUDA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 02.02.1989 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Declarations:
    "In accordance with article I, the Government of Antigua and Barbuda declares that it will apply the Convention on the basis of reciprocity only to the recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another contracting state.
    The Government of Antigua and Barbuda also declares that it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are con- sidered as commercial under the laws of Antigua and Barbuda."

  • ARABIEMIRAATTIEN LIITTO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 21.08.2006 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 19.11.2006
  • ARGENTIINA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.03.1989 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Upon signature:
    Subject to the declaration contained in the Final Act.

    The declaration made upon signature and contained in the Final Act read as follows:
    "If another Contracting Party extends the application of the Convention to territories which fall within the sovereignty of the Argentine Republic, the rights of the Argentine Republic shall in no way be affected by that extension."

    Upon ratification:
    On the basis of reciprocity, the Republic of Argentina will apply the Convention only to the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards made in the territory of another Contracting State. It will also apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under its national law.
    The Convention will be interpreted in accordance with the principles and clauses of the National Constitution in force or those resulting from modification made by virtue of the Constitution.

  • ARMENIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 29.12.1997 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 29.03.1998
    Varauma:

    Declarations:
    "1. The Republic of Armenia will apply the Convention only to recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another Contracting State.
    2. The Republic of Armenia will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the laws of the Republic of Armenia."

  • AUSTRALIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 26.03.1975 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Alueellinen soveltaminen: Sovelletaan kaikkiin niihin alueisiin, joiden kansainv?lisist? suhteista Australia vastaa.

  • AZERBAIDZHAN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 29.02.2000 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 29.05.2000
  • BAHAMA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 20.12.2006 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 20.03.2007
  • BAHRAIN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 06.04.1988 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "1. The accession by the State of Bahrain to the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, 1958 shall in no way constitute recognition of Israel or be a cause for the establishment of any relations of any kind therewith.
    "2. In accordance with article 1 (3) of the Convention, the State of Bahrain will apply the Convention, on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of only those awards made in the territory of another Contracting State party to the Convention.
    "3. In accordance with article 1 (3) of the Convention, the State of Bahrain will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the national law of the State of Bahrain."

  • BANGLADESH
    Sitoutumispäivä: 06.05.1992 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 04.08.1992
  • BARBADOS
    Sitoutumispäivä: 16.03.1993 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 14.06.1993
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    " (i) In accordance with article 1 (3) of the Convention, the Government of Barbados declares that it will apply the Convention on the basis of reciprocity to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State.
    (ii) The Government of Barbados will also apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not which are considered as commercial under the laws of Barbados."

  • BELGIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 18.08.1975 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    In accordance with article I, paragraph 3, the Government of the Kingdom of Belgium declares that it will apply the Conven- tion to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made only in the territory of a Contracting State.

  • BENIN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 16.05.1974 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • BHUTAN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 25.09.2014 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 24.12.2014
    Varauma:

    Declaration
    (a) Based on reciprocity, the Kingdom of Bhutan shall apply the Convention only to recognition
    and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another contracting State.
    (b) The Kingdom of Bhutan will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal
    relationships, whether contractual or not, that are considered commercial under the national
    laws.

  • BOLIVIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 28.04.1995 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 27.07.1995
  • BOSNIA-HERTSEGOVINA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 01.09.1993 VS
    Voimaantulopäivä: 06.03.1992
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    "The Convention will be applied to the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina only relating [to] those arbitral awards that have been brought after entering into force of the Convention.
    The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina will apply the Convention, on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of only those awards made in the territory of another Contracting State.
    The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the national law of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina."

  • BOTSWANA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 20.12.1971 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "The Republic of Botswana will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationship, whether contractual or not, which are considered commercial under Botswana law.
    "The Republic of Botswana will apply the Convention to the Recognition and Enforcement of Awards made in the territory of another Contracting State."

  • BRASILIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 07.06.2002 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 05.09.2002
  • BRUNEI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 25.07.1996 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 23.10.1996
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    "... Brunei Darussalam will on the basis of reciprocity apply the said Convention to the recognition and enforcement of only those awards which are made in the territory of another Contracting State."

  • BULGARIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 10.10.1961 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "Bulgaria will apply the Convention to recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another contracting State. With regard to awards made in the territory of non-contracting States it will apply the Convention only to the extent to which these States grant reciprocal treatment."

  • BURKINA FASO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 23.03.1987 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • BURUNDI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 23.06.2014 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 21.09.2014
  • CHILE
    Sitoutumispäivä: 04.09.1975 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • COOKINSAARET
    Sitoutumispäivä: 12.01.2009 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 12.04.2009
  • COSTA RICA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 26.10.1987 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • DJIBOUTI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.06.1983 VS
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • DOMINICA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 28.10.1988 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • DOMINIKAANINEN TASAVALTA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 11.04.2002 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 10.07.2002
  • ECUADOR
    Sitoutumispäivä: 03.01.1962 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Ecuador, on a basis of reciprocity, will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made in the territory of another Contracting State only if such awards have been made with respect to differences arising out of legal relationships which are regarded as commercial under Ecuadorian law.

  • EGYPTI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 09.03.1959 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 07.06.1959
  • EL SALVADOR
    Sitoutumispäivä: 26.02.1998 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 27.05.1998
  • ESPANJA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 12.05.1977 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • ETELÄ-AFRIKKA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 03.05.1976 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • ETELÄ-KOREA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 08.02.1973 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "By virtue of paragraph 3 of article I of the present Convention, the Government of the Republic of Korea declares that it will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State. It further declares that it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under its national law."

  • FIDZHI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 27.09.2010 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 26.12.2010
  • FILIPPIINIT
    Sitoutumispäivä: 06.07.1967 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Upon signature:
    Reservation
    "The Philippine delegation signs ad referendum this Con-vention with the reservation that it does so on the basis of reciprocity."
    Declaration
    "The Philippines will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another contracting State pursuant to Article I, paragraph 3 of the Convention."
    Declaration made upon ratification: "The Philippines, on the basis of reciprocity, will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State and only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the national law of the State making such declaration."

  • GABON
    Sitoutumispäivä: 15.12.2006 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 15.03.2007
  • GEORGIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 02.06.1994 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 31.08.1994
  • GHANA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 09.04.1968 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • GUATEMALA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 21.03.1984 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    On the basis of reciprocity, the Republic of Guatemala will apply the above Convention to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made only in the territory of another contracting State; and will apply it only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under its national law.

  • GUINEA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 23.01.1991 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 23.04.1991
  • GUYANA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 25.09.2014 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 24.12.2014
  • HAITI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 05.12.1983 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • HONDURAS
    Sitoutumispäivä: 03.10.2000 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.01.2001
  • HONGKONG
    Sitoutumispäivä: -
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • INDONESIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 07.10.1981 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "Pursuant to the provision of article I (3) of the Convention, the Government of the Republic of Indonesia declares that it will apply the Convention on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State, and that it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the Indonesian Law".

  • INTIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 13.07.1960 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "In accordance with Article I of the Convention, the Government of India declare that they will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of a State, party to this Convention. They further declare that they will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the law of India."

  • IRAN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 15.10.2001 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 13.01.2002
    Varauma:

    Declarations:
    "(a) In accordance with article 1 (3) of the Convention, the Islamic Republic of Iran will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the national law of the Islamic Republic of Iran;
    (b) In accordance with article 1 (3) of the Convention, the Islamic Republic of Iran will apply the Convention, on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of only those awards made in the territory of another Contracting State Party to the Convention."

  • IRLANTI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 12.05.1981 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "In accordance with article I (3) of the said Convention the Government of Ireland declares that it will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State".

  • ISLANTI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 24.01.2002 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 24.04.2002
  • ISO-BRITANNIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 24.09.1975 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    5 May 1980
    "The United Kingdom will apply the Convention only to the recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another Contracting State. This declaration is also made on behalf of Gibraltar, Hong Kong and the Isle of Man to which the Convention has been extended."

    Belize, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Guernsey, Jersey
    [The Convention will apply] . . . "in accordance with article I, paragraph 3 thereof, only to the recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another Contracting State."


    Alueellinen soveltaminen: Sovelletaan my??s Gibraltariin ja 22.2.1979 lukien Mansaareen, 14.11.1979 lukien Bermudaan, 26.11.1980 lukien Caymansaariin, 19.4.1985 lukien Guernseyhyn ja 28.5.2002 lukien Jerseyhyn.
    Sovelletaan Brittil??isill?? Neitsytsarilla 25.5.2014 lukien.

  • ISRAEL
    Sitoutumispäivä: 05.01.1959 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 07.06.1959
  • ITALIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 31.01.1969 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • ITÄVALTA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 02.05.1961 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • JAMAIKA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 10.07.2002 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 08.10.2002
    Varauma:

    17 October 2003
    Reservation:
    "The Government of Jamaica, on the basis of Reciprocity, will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State, in accordance with article 1 (3).
    The Government of Jamaica further declares that the Convention will only be applied to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered to be commercial under the national laws of Jamaica in accordance with article 1 (3) of the Convention."

  • JAPANI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 20.06.1961 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "It will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State."

  • JORDANIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 15.11.1979 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    The Government of Jordan shall not be bound by any awards which are made by Israel or to which an Israeli is a party.

  • KAMBODZHA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 05.01.1960 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • KAMERUN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 19.02.1988 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • KANADA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 12.05.1986 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    27 May 1987
    "The Government of Canada declares that it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the laws of Canada, except in the case of the Province of Quebec where the law does not provide for such limitation."

  • KAP VERDE
    Sitoutumispäivä: 22.03.2018 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • KAZAKSTAN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 20.11.1995 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 18.02.1996
  • KENIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 10.02.1989 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    "In accordance with article I (3) of the said Convention the Government of Kenya declares that it will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made only in the territory of another contracting state."

  • KESKI-AFRIKAN TASAVALTA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 15.10.1962 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Referring to the possibility offered by paragraph 3 of article I of the Convention, the Central African Republic declares that it will apply the Convention on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another contracting State; it further declares that it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under its national law.

  • KIINA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 22.01.1987 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    1. The People?s Republic of China will apply the Convention, only on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made in the territory of another Contracting State;
    2. The People?s Republic of China will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the national law of the People?s Republic of China.

    Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, China notified the Secretary-General that the Convention with the reservation made by China will also apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.


    Alueellinen soveltaminen: Sovelletaan my?s Hongkongiin 1.7.1997 lukien.

  • KIRGISIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 18.12.1996 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 18.03.1997
  • KOLUMBIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 25.09.1979 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • KONGO-KINSHASA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 05.11.2014 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 03.02.2015
  • KREIKKA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 16.07.1962 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    18 April 1980
    The present Convention is approved on condition of the two limitations set forth in article I (3) of the Convention.

  • KROATIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 26.07.1993 VS
    Voimaantulopäivä: 08.10.1991
  • KUUBA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 30.12.1974 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Cuba will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made in the territory of another Contracting State. With respect to arbitral awards made by other non-contracting States it will apply the Convention only in so far as those States grant reciprocal treatment as established by mutual agreement between the parties. Moreover, it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under Cuban legislation.

  • KUWAIT
    Sitoutumispäivä: 28.04.1978 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    The State of Kuwait will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State.
    It is understood that the accession of the State of Kuwait to the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, done at New York, on the 10th of June 1958, does not mean in any way recognition of Israel or entering with it into relations governed by the Convention thereto acceded by the State of Kuwait.

  • KYPROS
    Sitoutumispäivä: 29.12.1980 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "The Republic of Cyprus will apply the Convention, on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State; furthermore it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under its national law."

  • LAOS
    Sitoutumispäivä: 17.06.1998 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 15.09.1998
  • LATVIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.04.1992 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 12.07.1992
  • LESOTHO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 13.06.1989 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • LIBANON
    Sitoutumispäivä: 11.08.1998 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 09.11.1998
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    The Government of Lebanon declares that it will apply the Convention, on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State.

  • LIBERIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 16.09.2005 H
    Voimaantulopäivä: 15.12.2005
  • LIECHTENSTEIN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 07.07.2011 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 05.10.2011
    Varauma:

    Reservation

    In accordance with article 1(3) the Principality of Liechtenstein will apply the Convention, on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State.

  • LIETTUA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.03.1995 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 12.06.1995
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    [The Republic of Lithuania] will apply the provisions of the said Convention to the recognition of arbitral awards made in the territories of the Non-Contracting States, only on the basis of reciprocity."

  • LUXEMBURG
    Sitoutumispäivä: 09.09.1983 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    The Convention is applied on the basis of reciprocity to the recognition and enforcement of only those arbitral awards made in the territory of another Contracting State.

  • MADAGASKAR
    Sitoutumispäivä: 16.07.1962 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    The Malagasy Republic declares that it will apply the Convention on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another contracting State; it further declares that it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under its national law.

  • MAKEDONIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 10.03.1994 VS
    Voimaantulopäivä: 17.09.1991
  • MALEDIIVIT
    Sitoutumispäivä: 17.09.2019 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 16.12.2019
  • MALESIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 05.11.1985 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    The Government of Malaysia will apply the Convention on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State. Malaysia further declares that it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether con-tractual or not, which are considered as commercial under Malaysian law.

  • MALI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 08.09.1994 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 07.12.1994
  • MALTA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 22.06.2000 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 20.09.2000
    Varauma:

    Declarations:
    "1. In accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention, Malta will apply the Convention only to the recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another Contracting State.
    2. The Convention only applies in regard to Malta with respect to arbitration agreements concluded after the date of Malta?s accession to the Convention."

  • MAROKKO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 12.02.1959 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 07.06.1959
    Varauma:

    The Government of His Majesty the King of Morocco will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State.

  • MARSHALLINSAARET
    Sitoutumispäivä: 21.12.2006 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 21.03.2007
  • MAURITANIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 30.01.1997 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 30.04.1997
  • MAURITIUS
    Sitoutumispäivä: 19.06.1996 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 17.09.1996
    Varauma:

    Declarations:
    "Referring to paragraphs 1 and 2 of article X of the Convention, the Republic of Mauritius declares that this Convention will extend to all the territories forming part of the Republic of Mauritius."

  • MEKSIKO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.04.1971 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • MOLDOVA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 18.09.1998 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 17.12.1998
    Varauma:

    "The Convention will be applied to the Republic of Moldova only relating those arbitral awards that have been brought after entering into force of the Convention.
    The Convention will be applied tot he Republic of Moldova, on the basis of reciprocity, only relating those awards made in the territory of another Contracting State."

  • MONACO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 02.06.1982 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Referring to the possibility offered by article I (3) of the Convention, the Principality of Monaco will apply the Convention, on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another contracting State; furthermore, it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationship, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under its national law.

  • MONGOLIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 24.10.1994 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 22.01.1995
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    "1. Mongolia will apply the Convention, on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State.
    2. Mongolia will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the national law of Mongolia."

  • MONTENEGRO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 23.10.2006 VS
    Voimaantulopäivä: 03.06.2006
    Varauma:

    Confirmed upon succession:
    Reservation:
    "1. The Convention is applied in regard to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia only to those arbitral awards which were adopted after the coming of the Convention into effect.
    "2. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia will apply the Convention on a reciprocal basis only to those arbitral awards which were adopted on the territory of the other State Party to the Convention.
    "3. Federal Republic of Yugoslavia will apply the Convention [only] with respect to the disputes arising from the legal relations, contractual and non-contractual, which, according to its national legislation are considered as economic."
    In a latter declaration dated 28 June 1982, the Government of Yugoslavia had specified that :
    "the first reservation only constituted an affirmation of the legal principle of retroactivity and that the third reservation being essentially in accordance with article I (3) of the Convention, the word "only" was therefore to be added to the original text and note taken that the word "economic" had been used therein as a synonym for "commercial".

  • MOSAMBIK
    Sitoutumispäivä: 11.06.1998 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 09.09.1998
    Varauma:

    Reservation:
    "The Republic of Mozambique reserves itself the right to enforce the provisions of the said Conventions on the base of reciprocity, where the artibral awards have been pronounced in the territory of another Contracting State."

  • MYANMAR
    Sitoutumispäivä: 16.04.2013 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 15.07.2013
  • NEPAL
    Sitoutumispäivä: 04.03.1998 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 02.06.1998
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    "The Kingdom of Nepal will apply the Convention, on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another contracting state. [The Government of Nepal] further declares that the Kingdom of Nepal will apply the Convention only to the differences arising out of legal relationship, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the law of the Kingdom of Nepal."

  • NICARAGUA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 24.09.2003 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 23.12.2003
  • NIGER
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.10.1964 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • NIGERIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 17.03.1970 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "In accordance with paragraph 3 of article I of the Convention, the Federal Military Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria declares that it will apply the Convention on the basis of reciprocity to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of a State party to this Convention and to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the laws of the Federal Republic of Nigeria."

  • NORJA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.03.1961 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "1. [The Government of Norway] will apply the Convention only to the recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of one of the Contracting States."
    "2. [The Government of Norway] will not apply the Convention to differences where the subject matter of the proceedings is immovable property situated in Norway, or a right in or to such property."

  • NORSUNLUURANNIKKO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 01.02.1991 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 02.05.1991
  • OMAN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 25.02.1999 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 26.05.1999
  • PAKISTAN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.07.2005 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: 12.10.2005
    Varauma:

    Declaration
    The Islamic Republic of Pakistan will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of [a] Contracting State.

  • PALESTIINALAISHALLINTO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 02.01.2015 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 02.04.2015
  • PANAMA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 10.10.1984 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • PAPUA-UUSI-GUINEA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 17.07.2019 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 15.10.2019
  • PARAGUAY
    Sitoutumispäivä: 08.10.1997 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 06.01.1998
  • PERU
    Sitoutumispäivä: 07.07.1988 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • PORTUGALI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 18.10.1994 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 16.01.1995
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    Within the scope of the principle of reciprocity, Portugal will restrict the application of the Convention to arbitral awards pronounced in the territory of a State bound by the said Convention.

  • PUOLA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 03.10.1961 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "With reservations as mentioned in article I, para. 3."

  • QATAR
    Sitoutumispäivä: 30.12.2002 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 30.03.2003
  • RANSKA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 26.06.1959 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Referring to the possibility offered by paragraph 3 of article I of the Convention, France declares that it will apply the Convention on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another contracting State.
    Referring to paragraphs 1 and 2 of article X of the Convention, France declares that this Convention will extend to all the territories of the French Republic.


    Alueellinen soveltaminen: Sovelletaan kaikkiin Ranskan alueisiin.

  • ROMANIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 13.09.1961 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    The Romanian People?s Republic will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under its legislation.
    The Romanian People?s Republic will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another Contracting State. As regards awards made in the territory of certain non-contracting States, the Romanian People?s Republic will apply the Convention only on the basis of reciprocity established by joint agreement between the parties.

  • RUANDA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 31.10.2008 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 29.01.2009
  • RUOTSI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 28.01.1972 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • SAINT VINCENT JA GRENADIINIT
    Sitoutumispäivä: 12.09.2000 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 11.12.2000
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    "In accordance with article 1 of [the] Convention, the Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines declares that they will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State. They further declare that they will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the laws of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines."

  • SAKSA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 30.06.1961 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "With respect to paragraph 1 of article I, and in accordance with paragraph 3 of article I of the Convention, the Federal Republic of Germany will apply the Convention only to the recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another Contracting State."

  • SAMBIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.03.2002 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 12.06.2002
  • SAN MARINO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 17.05.1979 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • SAO TOME JA PRINCIPE
    Sitoutumispäivä: 20.11.2012 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 18.02.2013
  • SAUDI-ARABIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 19.04.1994 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 18.07.1994
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    On the Basis of reciprocity, the Kingdom declares that it shall restrict the application of the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made in the territory of a Contracting State.

  • SENEGAL
    Sitoutumispäivä: 17.10.1994 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 15.01.1995
  • SERBIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 12.03.2001 VS
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Confirmed upon succession:
    Reservation:
    "1. The Convention is applied in regard to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia only to those arbitral awards which were adopted after the coming of the Convention into effect.
    "2. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia will apply the Convention on a reciprocal basis only to those arbitral awards which were adopted on the territory of the other State Party to the Convention.
    "3. Federal Republic of Yugoslavia will apply the Convention [only] with respect to the disputes arising from the legal relations, contractual and non-contractual, which, according to its national legislation are considered as economic."
    In a latter declaration dated 28 June 1982, the Government of Yugoslavia had specified that :
    "the first reservation only constituted an affirmation of the legal principle of retroactivity and that the third reservation being essentially in accordance with article I (3) of the Convention, the word "only" was therefore to be added to the original text and note taken that the word "economic" had been used therein as a synonym for "commercial".

  • SEYCHELLIT
    Sitoutumispäivä: 03.02.2020 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 03.05.2020
    Varauma:

    Declaration

    ???- the Republic of Seychelles will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards
    made only in the territory of another Contracting State; and
    - [the Republic of Seychelles] will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal
    relationships whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under Seychelles national
    law.???

  • SINGAPORE
    Sitoutumispäivä: 21.08.1986 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "The Republic of Singapore will on the basis of reciprocity apply the said Convention to the recognition and enforcement of only those awards which are made in the territory of another Contracting State."

  • SLOVAKIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 28.05.1993 VS
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.01.1993
    Varauma:

    Czechoslovakia will apply the Convention to recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another Contracting State. With regard to awards made in the territory of non-contracting States it will apply the Convention only to the extent to which these States grant reciprocal treatment.

  • SLOVENIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 06.07.1992 VS
    Voimaantulopäivä: 25.06.1991
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    "In accordance with paragraph 3 of article 1, the Republic of Slovenia will apply the Convention, on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of only those awards made in the territory of another Contracting State. The Republic of Slovenia will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the national law of the Republic of Slovenia."

  • SRI LANKA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 09.04.1962 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • SUDAN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 26.03.2018 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • SVEITSI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 01.06.1965 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • SYYRIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 09.03.1959 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 07.06.1959
  • TADZHIKISTAN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.08.2012 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 12.11.2012
    Varauma:

    Reservation

    The Republic of Tajikistan will apply this Convention to differences and arbitral [a]wards arised out after entering into force of this Convention with respect to the Republic of Tajikistan and made in the territory of another Contracting State;

    The Republic of Tajikistan will not apply this Convention with regard to differences related to immovable property.

  • TANSANIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 13.10.1964 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "The Government of the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar will apply the Convention, in accordance with the first sentence of article I (3) thereof, only to the recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another Contracting State."

  • TANSKA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 22.12.1972 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    In accordance with the terms of article I, paragraph 3, [the Convention] shall have effect only as regards the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made by another Contracting State and [it] shall be valid only with respect to commercial relationships.


    Alueellinen soveltaminen: Sovelletaan my?s F?rsaariin ja Gr?nlantiin 10.2.1976 lukien.

  • THAIMAA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 21.12.1959 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • TRINIDAD JA TOBAGO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.02.1966 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "In accordance with article I of the Convention, the Government of Trinidad and Tobago declares that it will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State. The Government of Trinidad and Tobago further declares that it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the Law of Trinidad and Tobago."

  • TSHEKKI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 30.09.1993 VS
    Voimaantulopäivä: 01.01.1993
    Varauma:

    Czechoslovakia will apply the Convention to recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another Contracting State. With regard to awards made in the territory of non-contracting States it will apply the Convention only to the extent to which these States grant reciprocal treatment.

  • TUNISIA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 17.07.1967 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    With the reservations provided for in article I, paragraph 3, of the Convention, that is to say, the Tunisian State will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State and only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the Tunisian law.

  • TURKKI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 02.07.1992 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 30.09.1992
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    In accordance with the Article I, paragraph 3 of the Convention, the Republic of Turkey declares that it will apply the Convention on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another contracting State. It further declares that it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under its national law.

  • UGANDA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 12.02.1992 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 12.05.1992
    Varauma:

    Declaration:
    "The Republic of Uganda will only apply the Convention to recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another Contracting State."

  • UKRAINA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 10.10.1960 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic will apply the provisions of this Convention in respect of arbitral awards made in the territories of non-contracting States only to the extent to which they grant reciprocal treatment.

  • UNKARI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 05.03.1962 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "The Hungarian People?s Republic shall apply the Conven- tion to the recognition and enforcement of such awards only as have been made in the territory of one of the other Contracting States and are dealing with differences arising in respect of a legal relationship considered by the Hungarian law as a commercial relationship."

  • URUGUAY
    Sitoutumispäivä: 30.03.1983 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • UUSI-SEELANTI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 06.01.1983 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    Declarations:
    "In accordance with paragraph 3 of article 1 of the Convention, the Government of New Zealand declares that it will apply the Convention, on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State.
    "Accession to the Convention by the Government of New Zealand shall not extend for the time being, pursuant to article X of the Convention, to the Cook Islands and Niue."

  • UZBEKISTAN
    Sitoutumispäivä: 07.02.1996 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 07.05.1996
  • VALKO-VENÄJÄ
    Sitoutumispäivä: 15.11.1960 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    The Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic will apply the provisions of this Convention in respect to arbitral awards made in the territories of non-contracting States only to the extent to which they grant reciprocal treatment.

  • VATIKAANI
    Sitoutumispäivä: 14.05.1975 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
  • VENEZUELA
    Sitoutumispäivä: 08.02.1995 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 09.05.1995
    Varauma:

    Declarations:
    (a) The Republic of Venezuela will apply the Convention only to the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards made in the territory of another Contracting State.
    (b) The Republic of Venezuela will apply the present Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under its national law.

  • VENÄJÄ
    Sitoutumispäivä: 24.08.1960 R
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics will apply the provisions of this Convention in respect of arbitral awards made in the territories of non-contracting States only to the extent to which they grant reciprocal treatment.

  • VIETNAM
    Sitoutumispäivä: 12.09.1995 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 11.12.1995
    Varauma:

    Declarations:
    1. [The Socialist Republic of Viet Nam] considers the Convention to be applicable to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State. With respect to arbitral awards made in the territories of non-contracting States, it will apply the Convention on the basis of reciprocity.
    2. The Convention will be applied only to differences arising out of legal relationships which are considered as commercial under the laws of Viet Nam.
    3. Interpretation of the Convention before the Vietnamese Courts or competent authorities should be made in accordance with the Constitution and the law of Viet Nam.

  • VIRO
    Sitoutumispäivä: 30.08.1993 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 28.11.1993
  • YHDYSVALLAT
    Sitoutumispäivä: 30.09.1970 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: -
    Varauma:

    "The United States of America will apply the Convention, on the basis of reciprocity, to the recognition and enforcement of only those awards made in the territory of another Contracting State.
    "The United States of America will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the national law of the United States."

    10. In a communication received on 25 February 1988, the Govern- ment of Austria notified the Secretary-General of its decision to with- draw as from that date, the reservation made upon accession to the Convention. For the text of the reservation, see United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 395, p. 274.

    11. In a communication received by the Secretary-General on 23 June 1980, the Government of Israel declared the following:
    "The Government of Israel has noted the political character of the statement made by the Government of Jordan. In the view of the Government of Israel, this Convention is not the proper place for making such political pronouncements. Moreover, the said decla- ration cannot in any way affect whatever obligations are binding upon Jordan under general international law or under particular con- ventions.
    "Insofar as concerns the substance of the matter, the Government of Israel will adopt towards the Government of Jordan an attitude of complete reciprocity."
    A communication identical in essence, mutatis mutandis, was received by the Secretary-General, on 22 September 1988, from the Government of Israel in respect of the declaration made by Bahrain upon accession.

    12. The declaration by Canada received on 20 May 1987, and which originally comprised two parts, was made after accession. It was com- municated by the Secretary-General to all States. None of the Con-tracting Parties having expressed an objection within a period of 90 days from the date of the above-mentioned communication [22 July 1987], the declaration was deemed to have been accepted and replaces the declaration made upon accession which read as follows:
    "The Government of Canada declares, with respect to the Province of Alberta, that it will apply the Convention only to the recogni tion and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another Contracting State.
    "The Government of Canada declares that it will apply the Con- vention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the national law of Canada."
    Subsequently, on 25 November 1988, the Government of Canada notified the Secretary-General of its decision to withdraw, with effect from that date, the second part of its revised declaration received on 20 May 1987 which read as follows:
    "The Government of Canada declares, with respect to the Province of Saskatchewan, that it will apply the Convention only to the recognition and enforcement of awards made in the territory of another Contracting State."

    13. In a communication received on 27 November 1989, the Government of France notified the Secretary-General of its decision to withdraw, with effect from that date, the declaration relating to the second sentence of its declaration relating to paragraph 3 of article I made upon ratification. For the text of the declaration so withdrawn, see United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 336, p. 426.

    14. In a communication received on 31 August 1998, the Government of Germany notified the Secretary-General of its decision to withdraw the reservation made upon ratification of the Convention. For the text of the reservation, see United Nations, Treaty Series , vol. 399, p.286.

    15. Since the declaration [by Greece] [by the United Kingdom] had been made after accession, it was communicated by the Secretary-General to all States concerned on 10 June 1980. None of the Contracting Parties having expressed an objection within a period of 90 days from the date of the above-mentioned communication, the declaration was deemed to have been accepted.

    16. In keeping with the depositary practice followed in similar cases, the Secretary-General proposed to receive the reservation in question for deposit in the absence of any objection on the part of any of the Contracting States, either to the depositary itself or to the procedure envisaged, within a period of one year from the date of the notification (i.e. 17 October 2002). Within a period of one year from the date of the above depositary notification, none of the Contracting Parties to the above Convention notified the Secretary-General of an objection. Consequently, the reservation is deemed to have been accepted for deposit upon the expiration of the one year period, i.e., on 17 October 2003.

    17. On 23 April 1993, the Government of Switzerland notified the Secretary-General of its decision to withdraw the declaration made upon ratification. For the text of the declaration, see United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 536, p. 477.

    18. At the time of acceding to the Convention the Government of Denmark declared, in accordance with article X (1), that it would not apply for the time being to the Faeroe Islands and Greenland.
    In a communication received on 12 November 1975, the Govern- ment of Denmark declared that it had withdrawn the above-mentioned declaration, this decision to take effect on 1 January 1976.
    In a further communication received on 5 January 1978, the Government of Denmark confirmed that the communication received by the Secretary-General on 12 November 1975 should be considered as having taken effect from 10 February 1976, in accordance with article X (2), it being understood that the Convention was applied de facto to the Faeroe Islands and Greenland from 1 January to 9 February 1976.

    19. See note 1 under "Netherlands" regarding Aruba/Netherlands Antilles in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.

    20. See also under "Declarations and Reservations" for the reservation made by the United Kingdom, which was also made on behalf of Gibraltar, Hong Kong (see also note 3 ) and the Isle of Man.


    Alueellinen soveltaminen: Sovelletaan 3.11.1970 lukien kaikkiin niihin alueisiin, joiden kansainv?lisist? suhteista Yhdysvallat vastaa.

  • ZIMBABWE
    Sitoutumispäivä: 29.09.1994 L
    Voimaantulopäivä: 28.12.1994

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